I have received your letter saying that
1.The children's mother showed great c___________for their safety when they didn't come back from school at the usual time.
2.The old man felt __________ (感激的) to the young man for his helping.
3.It didn't take a long time for him to r_________ from the illness.
4.He did it on ___________ (故意), knowing it would annoy her.
5.I think it is wrong of you to __________ (忽视) the teacher's advice.
6.Nearly one hundred countries recognize English as their o__________ language.
7.Please set off earlier because the buses run less_________(频繁) on Sundays.
8.Her worried e ________ on her face suggested that she was very frightened.
9.She speaks very ______（流利的）English.
10.We can enrich our v________ by reading English books.
I enjoy 1.(climb) mountains whenever I can find the time to do so. Tom and Mike are my best friends and both of 2.also like sports. Two years ago, the three of us3.(go) up to Mt. Lushan. Instead of taking a bus, which is 4.(comfortable), we preferred to climb. We started from the foot of the mountain early in the morning, chatting all the way. After climbing for one and a half 5.(hour), we saw two mountain paths before us. We could not decide 6.to choose. In the end , we took the right path,7.(think) that might be a short cut. But we were wrong. We could not find our way out. Lost in the mountain, we had to use our hands and feet 8.(make) our way. We began to cry for help 9. nobody answered. It was not until darkness fell 10.we found a right path leading up to a paved road.
Valerie was very worried about her dad. For some time now she had noticed he was _______ his hair. One day, she asked him, “Daddy, every day you have less hair. _______ is that?” Her father smiled and said, “It’s the hair thief. He visits my _______during the night when I’m asleep. One by one he pulls out my hair, and there’s no way to _______him.”
This worried Valerie, but she was _______to help her dad. That night she stayed _______as long as she could. When she was _______her dad and mom had fallen asleep, she took a hammer and went to their bedroom slowly and _______. She didn’t want the hair thief to _______her. When she arrived at her father’s side, she carefully inspected her father’s head in order to catch the hair thief as soon as he ________. Before long, she saw a shadow on her father’s head and she ________it with the hammer.
Her father ________a loud cry and got out of bed at once. He turned the ________on, and trembling with ________, he saw Valerie waving her hammer in the air. “Daddy, I ________got him. But it looks like he ________!” said Valerie. Meanwhile, the mother ________. She burst into ________when she knew what had happened.
So Valerie’s father had to explain that the hair thief didn’t exist, and that losing hair is something that just happens naturally to most fathers. Valerie still ________about her daddy, but she no longer waited for the hair thief. ________, she bought her father a very nice sleeping hat.
1.A. checking??? B. losing??? C. touching??? D. protecting
2.A. When??? B. Where??? C. Why??? D. What
3.A. neck??? B. face??? C. ears??? D. head
4.A. catch??? B. throw??? C. hold??? D. keep
5.A. excited??? B. determined??? C. expected??? D. allowed
6.A. awake??? B. asleep??? C. afraid??? D. alone
7.A. glad??? B. sorry??? C. upset??? D. sure
8.A. sadly??? B. nervously??? C. loudly??? D. quietly
9.A. disappoint??? B. know??? C. hear??? D. catch
10.A. appeared??? B. left??? C. returned??? D. followed
11.A. caught??? B. felt??? C. hit??? D. covered
12.A. came out??? B. let out??? C. sent out??? D. set out
13.A. radio??? B. television??? C. computer??? D. light
14.A. shock??? B. delight??? C. care??? D. hope
15.A. still??? B. hardly??? C. nearly??? D. never
16.A. stayed??? B. escaped??? C. failed??? D. moved
17.A. woke up??? B. showed up??? C. looked out??? D. turned around
18.A. shouts??? B. tears??? C. laughter??? D. cheers
19.A. knew??? B. thought??? C. wondered??? D. worried
20.A. Though??? B. Instead??? C. Otherwise??? D. Besides
Important Self-Management Tips All Students Should Know
Being a student, especially in the later years of high school and the college years, can be a time when you are finally given the independence that you dreamed of. 1. . If you are looking for some guidance on how best to manage yourself, then here are some of the best self-management tips all students should know.
First and foremost, you need to be getting a good night’s sleep as often as you can. After all, your brain needs just as much rest as any other part to operate at its full ability, 2.
Buy a calendar and make notes of every single deadline (截止日期) and class that you have. 3.. One of the worst things that could happen is to complete some work but hand it in a day too late.
Make the effort to balance your use of certain technology and social media. They are the number one reason for procrastination (拖延症) among today’s student body, and training yourself to stay away when you are writing your work can be really helpful.
5., then make the most of all the different study groups that your school or college offers. There you will be able to work alongside people who are active and their attitude will encourage you into action and make you much more productive.
A. Technology Balance
B. Never Use Technology
C. so sleep is also important for the old
D. or it is not going to serve you in the best way that it can
E. But you haven’t learned exactly how to manage your life
F. If you are the kind of student who finds it nearly impossible to be productive alone
G. This way you will always know where you have to be and when you have to be there
Cold weather can be hard on pets, just like it can be hard on people. Sometimes owners forget that their cats are just as used to the warm shelter (住所) as they are. Some owners will leave their animals outside for a long period of time, thinking that all animals are used to living outdoors. This can put their pets in danger of serious illness. There are things you can do to keep your animal warm and safe.
Keep your pets inside as much as you can when the weather is bad. If you have to take them out, stay outside with them. When you’re cold enough to go inside, they probably are too. If you must leave them outside for a long time, make sure they have a warm, solid shelter against the wind, thick bedding, and plenty of non-frozen water.
If left alone outside, dogs and cats can be very smart in their search for warm shelter. They can dig into snow banks or hide somewhere. Watch them closely when they are left outdoors, and provide them with shelter of good quality. Keep an eye on your pet’s water. Sometimes owners don’t realize that a water bowl has frozen and their pet can’t get anything to drink. Animals that don’t have clean and unfrozen water may drink dirty water outside, which may contain something unhealthy for them.
1.What do we learn about pets from Paragraph 1?
A. They are often forgotten by their owners.??? B. They are used to living outdoors.
C. They like to stay in warm places.??? D. They build their won shelters.
2.Why are pet owners asked to stay with their pets when they are out in cold weather?
A. To keep them company.??? B. To keep them from eating bad food.
C. To help them find shelters.??? D. To know when to bring them inside.
3.If pets are left on their own outdoors in cold weather, they may
A. be short of clean water??? B. dig deep holes for fun
C. dirty the snow nearby??? D. get lost in the wild
4.What is the purpose of this text?
A. To solve a problem.??? B. To give practical advice.
C. To tell an interesting story.??? D. To present a research result.
Annie Oakley was born in 1860 in Darke County, Ohio. Her family was very poor. She decided to help family even when she was young, so she learned to use a gun, and began hunting animals for food. She could shoot them without losing the important parts of the meat.
Soon her shooting ability became well known. When she was sixteen, she was invited to a competition with a famous marksman(神枪手) , Frank Butler. Annie surprised everyone by winning the competition. Later that year she and Frank married.
In 1882 Annie Oakley and Frank Butler started putting on shows together. Frank Butler was the star of the show and she was his assistant. The famous native American leader, Sitting Bull, thought so highly of her shooting ability that he called her "Little Sure Shot". Later Annie Oakley became the star of the show and Frank Butler was her assistant. Posters （海报）for the show called her the "Champion Markswoman".
During World War I, Annie Oakley wanted to train a group of women volunteers for the army, but the United States did not accept it. She gave American soldiers shooting lessons, and traveled across the country visiting many training camps. She gave shooting performance and raised money to support the American soldiers.
Annie Oakley died on November 3, 1926. Eighteen days later, Frank Butler died too.
1.According to the passage, Annie Oakley____ .
A. trained women soldiers during the war
B. often went hunting with her family
C. joined the army during World War I
D. lived a hard life as a child
2.Which of the following names was given by Sitting Bull?
A. Annie Oakley.??? B. Little Sure Shot.
C. Frank Butler .??? D. Champion Markswoman.
3.Which of the following is in the RIGHT order about Annie?
a. She took part in a shooting competition.
b. She gave shooting demonstrations and raised money.
c. She hunted animals for food.
d. She put on shows with Frank Butler.
e. She was called the "Champion Markswoman".
f. She married Frank Butler.
A. a, c, d, f, b, e??? B. a, c, b, e, f, d??? C. c, a, d, f, e, b??? D. c, a, f, d, e, b
You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?
Jane Addams (1860-1935)
Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank. Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need. In 1931, Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
Sandra Day O’Connor (1930-present)
When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议 员) and ,in 1981, the first woman to join the U. S. Supreme Court(最高法院). O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.
Rosa Parks (1913-2005)
On December 1,1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott (联合抵制). It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Parks.
1.What is Jane Addams noted for in history?
A. Her efforts to win a prize.??? B. Her lack of proper training in law.
C. Her social work.??? D. Her community background.
2.Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?
A. Jane Addams.??? B. Rachel Carson.
C. Sandra Day O’Connor.??? D. Rosa Parks.
3.What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?
A. They are highly educated.??? B. They are truly creative.
C. They are pioneers.??? D. They are peace-lovers.
1.Why did Murphy go to a doctor?
A. He thought his wife was deaf.
B. He wanted to get his hearing back.
C. He couldn’t make himself understood.
2.What did the doctor tell Murphy to do?
A. Stand about 15 meters from his wife.
B. Ask his wife some serious questions.
C. Talk to his wife in different distances.
3.What was his wife doing when Murphy got back home?
A. Watching TV.??? B. Cooking.??? C. Setting the table.
4.How many times did Murphy ask his wife the same question?
A. Twice.??? B. Three times.??? C. Four times.
1.What is the relationship between the speakers?
A. Husband and wife??? B. Father and daughter.??? C. Guide and tourist.
2.Where is the bank?
A. Next to the coffee shop.??? B. Opposite the museum.??? C. At the end of the road.
3.What advice does the man give to the woman?
A. Eating less chocolate.
B. Keeping the table clean.
C. Watching out for the traffic.
4.How will the speakers go to the museum?
A. By bus.??? B. On foot.??? C. By bike.
1.What is the room like?
A. Big but old.??? B. Big and new.??? C. Small but new.
2.What will be arranged first?
A. The chairs.??? B. The bed.??? C. The dressing table.
3.Where will the chairs be put?
A. Close to the window.??? B. In front of the fireplace.??? C. Behind the dressing table.
1.What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. The popularity of English.
B. The study pressure on students.
C. Attitudes towards learning foreign languages.
2.What percentage of students are forced to learn a foreign language?
A. About 21%.??? B. About 27%.??? C. About 35%.
1.Why does the woman come to see Rick?
A. To say goodbye.
B. To ask for advice.
C. To invite him to her home.
2.Which country would the woman like to visit?
A. Canada.??? B. France.??? C. Germany.
What does Susan mean?
A. She had a date then.
B. She will put off the meeting.
C. She didn’t have time to prepare the speech.
What does the man want to do?
A. Learn to play baseball.
B. Organize a baseball team.
C. Find a baseball player.
What’s wrong with Jane?
A. She misses her home very much.
B. She hasn’t received her mother’s letter.
C. She is worried about her mother’s health.
What does the man advise the woman to do?
A. See Mr. Smith.??? B. Check the letter.??? C. Type the letter again.
How many people will visit New York for free?
A. 2.??? B. 3.??? C. 5.
假定你是李华。本周六是你十八岁生日, 家人将在光明饭店会为你举办一次生日宴会。请你给朋友John写一封信, 邀请他参加。内容包括:
2. 可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。
How are you doing? Here is an exciting news for you. There will be an invention competition in our school in the 20th of October. However, there is a rule the participants shall be in a group. But I’d like to invite you to be my partners.
I know that you have been longed to design a tiny cooler that people can wear around the wrist. I think it will be a wonderfully idea for the competition. We can make a small air conditioner to controlling the temperature of the wearer.
How do you think of my suggestion? Looking forward to you reply.
Worried about the 1. (prepare) for her feast, Lala quickly turned for home with her collection of nuts, melons, and other fruit. She had almost reached her destination 2. a delicious smell arrested her progress and she stopped. The smell of cooking meat filled the air surrounding her, and her senses became dizzy with hunger. Abruptly she sat down, only 3. (scoop) up by her sister Luna. Lala smiled with relief.
Just then Dahu, her husband, came up behind her. He had a large square face, with 4. (strong) pronounced eyebrows and cheekbones. Over his shoulder he carried several fish and some pieces of wood under his arm. Lala smiled and handed some stone scrapers over to Dahu,5. smiled and went outside the cave to begin his task.
First he looked carefully at the scrapers and then went to 6. corner of the cave and pulled out some more tools. He 7. (choose) one large stone and began to use it like a hammer striking the edge of the scraper that needed 8. (sharpen). Now and then Dahu would stop, look at it and try it 9. his hand before continuing his task. He stopped when he felt the scrapers were sharp enough to cut up the meat and scrape the fish. As he passed 10. to Lala, the first of the guests from the neighbouring caves began to arrive for dinner.
My daughter was reading her English. composition aloud. It was titled My Mother. All of a sudden, she _____and walked to the kitchen where I was busy preparing for tea.
“Mom, what does ‘beautiful’ _____?” she asked,
“‘Beautiful’ is someone or something that is very _____to look at,” I explained.
“You mean like all those actresses you see on TV?” she said.
“That’s right ,” I said, hoping to end the _____.
“Are you, beautiful?”. She asked rather _____.
What was one to answer? She was _____my looks with those of some film stars and _____ it was I who treated beauty as good _____.
Suddenly I hit upon an idea to solve her _____. “Why don’t you ask Dad?”
As soon as my _____reached home and had his evening coffee, I saw her _____to her dad, “I have a doubt,” She said,
“What is it, my dear?” my husband asked.
I couldn’t _____my curiosity and I listened to the father-daughter _____.
“Dad, is Mom beautiful?”
“Of course she is. Don’t you think so?”
Well…She began rather doubtfully.
“Let me show you our wedding _____. See here. Isn’t she the most beautiful person in the world”
“See. your mom was _____when she said beautiful is just looking good. When you _____someone, the person becomes beautiful in your eyes.”
My daughter was _____for a while. Then a smile _____climbed into her face as she _____ “Mom. is beautiful…Dad is beautiful because I love you both…”
I was _____to have found someone who loved me enough to think of me as the most beautiful person in the world.
1.A. fell??? B. bent??? C. stopped??? D. awoke
2.A. reward??? B. mean??? C. change??? D. face
3.A. attractive??? B. concerned??? C. excited??? D. particular
4.A. conflict??? B. model??? C. argument??? D. discussion
5.A. doubtfully??? B. coldly??? C. carelessly??? D. impatiently
6.A. mixing??? B. comparing??? C. sharing??? D. charging
7.A. in addition??? B. above all??? C. after all??? D. in turn
8.A. data??? B. conditions??? C. majors??? D. looks
9.A. confusion??? B. anxiety??? C. sorrow??? D. bitterness
10.A. brother??? B. husband??? C. cousin??? D. nephew
11.A. walk??? B. cycle??? C. rush??? D. refer
12.A. accept??? B. control??? C. satisfy??? D. destroy
13.A. conversation??? B. advice??? C. laugh??? D. quarrel
14.A. dinner??? B. celebration??? C. album??? D. church
15.A. right??? B. wrong??? C. silly??? D. pleased
16.A. love??? B. praise??? C. hug??? D. bless
17.A. silent??? B. active??? C. satisfied??? D. grateful
18.A. merely??? B. slowly??? C. hardly??? D. eagerly
19.A. finished??? B. admitted??? C. chanted??? D. heard
20.A. common??? B. serious??? C. cautious??? D. lucky
How to Overcome Depression
Suffering from depression means more than just dealing with a bad week or even a bad month. Depression is a weakening condition that can make it impossible for you to enjoy your daily existence. To overcome your depression, you have to first determine if what you’re feeling are the symptoms of depression. 1.While medications can help relieve symptoms, it is still important for depressed persons to understand the disorder and develop healthier strategies for coping with it.
Keep yourself busy. Fill your schedule with events and activities you love. Keeping a busy schedule will force you to stay active, focused, and thinking about the next thing on your plate. You can draw up a schedule for each day at the start of the week, or simply plan out each day the night before. 2.
Improve your diet. 3.Even if you’re losing your appetite, you need to be determined to eat three meals a day. You don’t need to try to lose weight or be incredibly healthy-conscious when you’re dealing with your depression, but eating healthier food regularly will improve your mental and physical state.
Think positively. Being a more positive thinker will help you look at your life and world in a way that fills you with hope instead of despair. To think more positively, you should learn how to recognize your negative thoughts and to fight them with stronger positive thoughts whenever you can. For a jump start, find at least five things to be grateful for. 4.
5. Neglecting personal hygiene (卫生) is a common side effect of depression. While you will not beat your depression by transforming your looks, if you take time to maintain your appearance and hygiene every day, you will feel better about yourself. Shower daily, brush your teeth and wash your hair.
A. Control your emotions.
B. Improve your appearance.
C. Most importantly be happy about every single day.
D. Whichever method you choose, make a goal of sticking to it.
E. However, not everyone knows depression has a positive side.
F. Eating a healthy, balanced diet can also help you beat depression.
G. If you are feeling sad, lonely, or worthless, you may be suffering from depression.
Biologists believe that love is fundamentally a biological rather than a cultural construct, because the capacity for love is found in all human cultures and similar behavior is found in some other animals. In humans the purpose of all the desire is to focus attention on the raising of offspring. Children demand an unusual amount of parenting, and two parents are better than one. Love is a signal that both partners are committed, and makes it more likely that this commitment will continue as long as necessary for children to reach independence. But what does science have to say about the notion of love at first sight?
In recent years the ability to watch the brain in action has offered a wealth of insight into the mechanics of love. Researchers have shown that when a person falls in love, a dozen different part of brain work together to release chemicals that trigger feelings of euphoria, bonding and excitement. It has also been shown that the unconditional love between a mother and a child is associated with activity in different regions of the brain from those associated with pair-bonding love.
Passionate love is rooted in the reward circuitry of the brain—the same area that is active when humans feel a rush from cocaine. In fact, the desire, motivations and withdrawals involved in love have a great deal in common with addiction. Its most intense forms tend to be associated with the early stages of a relationship, which then give way to a calmer attachment form of love one feels with a long term partner.
What all this means is that one special person can become chemically rewarding to the brain of another. Love at first sight, then, is only possible if the mechanism for generating long-term attachment can be triggered quickly. There are signs that it can be. One line of evidence is that people are able to decide within a second how attractive they find another person. This decision appears to be related to facial attractiveness, although men may favor women with waist-to-hip ratio of 0.7, no matter what their overall weight is. (This ratio may indicate a woman’s reproductive health.)
Another piece of evidence comes from work by a psychologist at Ben-Gurion University, who found in a survey that a small percentage (11%) of people in long-term relationships said that they began with love at first sight. In other words, in some couples the initial favorable impressions of attractiveness triggered love which sustained a lengthy bond. It is also clear that some couples need to form their bonds over a longer period, and popular culture tells many tales of friends who become lovers.
One might also assume that if a person is looking for a partner with traits that cannot be quantified instantly, such as compassion, intellect or a good sense of humor, then it would be hard to form a relationship on the basis of love at first sight. Those more concerned with visual appearances, though, might find this easier. So it appears that love at first sight exists, but is not a very common basis for long-term relationships.
1.When a person falls in love, _____________.
A. he feels as if he were addicted to cocaine.
B. he will be committed to the beloved as long as necessary.
C. he will experience complex feelings brought on by different regions of his brain.
D. he will experience a calmer attachment form of love before he feels the extreme love.
2.We can infer from the passage that ________.
A. pair-bonding love comes from a long stable friendship.
B. the mechanism for creating long-term attachment ensures love at first sight
C. it is impossible for those ordinary-looking people to fall in love at first sight.
D. men may be attracted by a girl whose figure suggests her admirable reproductive capacity.
3.The underlined word “traits” in the last paragraph probably means ______.
B. something typical in your temper
C. particular quantities in your personality
D. attitudes that show your moral standards
4.Which of the following may be the best title of the passage?
A. The stages of passionate love
B. The science of love at first sight
C. The biological construct of pair-bonding
D. The mechanism for generating long-term love
One of India’s top engineering schools has restricted Internet access in its boarding houses, saying addiction to surfing, gaming and blogging was affecting students’ performance, making them lonely and even suicidal.
Authorities at the best Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai said students had stopped socializing and many were late for morning classes or slept through them. “Now, a student doesn’t even know who lives two doors away from him because he is so busy on the Internet,” said Prakash Gopalan, dean of Student Affairs. “The old dormitory culture of companionship and socializing among students is gone. This is not healthy in our opinion.”
IIT-Mumbai, with about 5,000 students, is one of the seven IITs across India which are considered to be among the finest engineering schools in the world. They are also a talent pool for global technology giants. But their hard courses, tough competition and lonely campus lifestyle have taken an effect on students. Depressive and dysfunctional lifestyles are known to be common among IIT students, and at least nine have committed suicide in the past five years. Students have unlimited free Internet access in their boarding houses to help them in their studies, but many also use it to surf, chat, download movies and music, blog and for gaming.
“Starting Monday, Internet access will be banned between 11 p.m. and 12:30 p.m. at IIT-Mumbai’s 13 boarding buildings to encourage students to sleep early and to try and force them out of their shells.” Gopalan said. But the move has not gone down well with students who say they hate their lives being regulated. “Now they will say we need to listen to a lullaby (摇篮曲) to go to sleep.” said Rajiv, an electronics student.
1.According to the text, the students addicted to the Internet in IIT-Mumbai are likely to ______.
A. perform well in studies??? B. participate in social activities
C. know their classmates better??? D. feel lonely and even suicidal
2.The underlined word “dysfunctional” in Paragraph 3 most probably means “______”.
A. unpopular??? B. meaningful
C. abnormal??? D. exciting
3.What measures have been taken in IIT-Mumbai?
A. Students must go to bed before 11 p.m.
B. Students are forbidden to surf the Internet on campus.
C. Students have unlimited free Internet access in their dormitories.
D. Internet access is unavailable in deep night in boarding buildings.
4.We may infer from the last paragraph that ______.
A. all electronics students hate the banning order
B. some students complain about the banning order
C. there is no Internet access on the IIT campus ever since
D. more students prefer listening to music to surfing the Internet
Have you ever been to the world’s smallest bookstore?
The World’s Smallest Bookstore, whose official name is just these three words, sits quietly about 100 miles northeast of Toronto.
The bookstore is about 10 feet by 10 feet，so it is easy to imagine how tiny it really is. The bookstore is open 24 hours a day. Inside the bookstore are various books, especially literary books and classic authors’ works. So if you are looking for something less popular, you may get a bit disappointed there.
Another special feature of this bookstore is that each book only costs three dollars. All the expenses are paid on the honor system, which means buyers should make a note of what they’ve bought and leave their money by themselves. So the tools of the trade in this bookstore are quite simple: pens, papers, light bulbs and a label-maker.
In order to catch passers-by’s attention, the billboards (广告牌) of the bookstore are several times bigger than the store itself. With these large eye-catchers, many people are willing to stop by and have a visit.
1.What’s the passage mainly about?
A. The popular books nowadays.
B. A strange way of selling books.
C. The world’s smallest bookstore
D. The popular bookstores in the world.
2.Which of the following books might you most probably get in the store?
A. Books on popular science.
B. Books on economic control.
C. The year book of a university.
D. Literary books.
3.How could you buy a book from the store?
A. Choose the book(s) and leave the money there.
B. The salesman will get the money for the book.
C. The salesman will help you find the book.
D. Pay on the net and then get the book(s) in the store.
Food production does great harm to our environment.There are many procedures involved in the manufacture of food that result in greenhouse gases and other pollutants.Some procedures require the consumption of large amounts of fossil fuels,such as the transportation and storage of food products.Other factors that cause great damage to our environment include the overuse of fresh water.
The production of beef is more damaging to the environment than that of any other food we consume,Raising large numbers of cattle requires the production of large amounts of food for the animals.It’s estimated that producing one pound of beef requires seven pounds of feed.
Land use is also a problem.If the cattle are free-range cattle,large areas of land are required for them to live on.This has led to disastrous forest cutting and the loss of rare plants and animal species,particularly in tropical rain forests in Central and South America.
Another problem specific to beef production is methane emissions (甲烷排放).Although many people are aware of the damaging effects of carbon dioxide,they don’t realize methane’s global warming potential is 25 times worse,making it a more dire problem.
Unfortunately,beef consumption is growing rapidly.This is the result of simple supply and demand factors.Specifically,there are two main causes of demand that are encouraging the production of more supply.First,the increase in the world population means there are more people to consume meat.The second factor is socioeconomic advancement.As citizens in developing nations become financially stable,they can afford to buy more meat.
Therefore,one way to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions is for people around the world to significantly cut down on the amount of beef they eat.
1.Which of the following is TRUE?
A. Raising free-range cattle is eco-friendly.
B. People cut down trees for animal habitats.
C. Producing beef can damage the environment.
D. Carbon dioxide causes far more harm than methane.
2.The underlined word “dire” in Para.4 means?????? .
A. urgent??? B. common
C. typical??? D. avoidable
3.Beef production is growing rapidly because?????? .
A. more people are in demand of beef
B. developing countries raise more cattle
C. more land is available to raise cattle
D. the cost of raising cattle is relatively low
4.The author writes this article to?????? .
A. describe the booming of the beef production
B. emphasize the advantages of beef production
C. condemn the deforestation of the rain forest
D. argue for a decrease in beef consumption
1.Why was the Mesa Verde National Park built?
A. To attract more visitors.??? B. To earn money.??? C. To protect the culture of ancient Native Americans.
2.What language do the words “Mesa Verde” belong to?
A. English.??? B. Spanish.??? C. French.
3.How many ruins were discovered in all?
A. One.??? B. Two.??? C. Three.
1.How has the man been feeling lately?
A. Lonely.??? B. Unhappy.??? C. Depressed.
2.What does the woman advise the man to do?
A. To learn English.??? B. To join a club.??? C. To do exercise.
3.What can we learn from the conversation?
A. The man is the woman’s elder brother.
B. You don’t feel alone when you have a close friend.
C. The man comes from north America.
1.Why does the man go to see the doctor?
A. Because he is seriously ill.??? B. Because he wants to see death.??? C. Because the doctor wants his money.
2.What does the doctor advise the man to do?
A. Take more medicine.??? B. Have a holiday.??? C. Give some of his money to poor people.
3.How do you find the man?
A. He is honest.??? B. He is careless about his health.??? C. He cares for his money beyond everything else.